South Korean officials on Friday reported 91 patients thought cleared of the new coronavirus had tested positive again. Jeong Eun-kyeong, director of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told a briefing that the virus may have been “reactivated” rather than the patients being re-infected.
There are two dominant cardiac issues related to COVID-19: heart failure, when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should, and arrhythmias, or abnormal heart rhythms, which can be related to the infection or to the effect of medications used to treat the virus.
Italy and Spain have taken tentative steps this week to send certain workers back to their jobs and allow some shops to reopen, an important indication that the world might be beginning to move past life under shutdown.
The director for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday that in order for the country to reopen, swift testing for people who have the virus and for people who might be immune to the virus will need to be available.
A new letter from researchers at New York University shows that obesity is a risk factor for COVID-19 hospitalization in patients under the age of 60. [Related study]
Many Governments are taking tough decisions: they have decided that their countries should slow down their economies and go into lockdown in order to reduce opportunities for the COVID-19 virus to be transmitted between people. The decisions made on when and how to emerge from lockdown are even more difficult: they are also delicate.
Comparing the current COVID-19 pandemic to the 1918 pandemic has been common in recent weeks. In an interview with CIDRAP News, Barry shares what’s the same, what’s different, and why he’s glad historians don’t have to predict the future.
Official Reporting for April 13, 2020
|WHO SITREP #83||ECDC | Country Data||Johns Hopkins|
Total deaths: 20,486
Travel Related: 2,138
Close Contact: 10,956
Under Investigation: 446,071
Total Cases: 459,165
New York: COVID-19 Hospitalizations Flatten in NY Amid Deadliest Week Yet – NBC News
Oregon: At Least 24 of Oregon’s 51 COVID-19 Deaths Were of Residents or Staff at Long-Term Care Facilities – Williamette Week
Georgia: 13K coronavirus cases confirmed in Georgia as deaths near 500 – Atlanta Journal Constitution
UK: Boris Johnson Leaves Hospital – NBC News
Spain: Spain begins to ease lockdown to revive economy – BBC
Sweden: Sweden sticks to ‘low-scale’ lockdown despite rise in coronavirus deaths – LA Times
Belarus: In Belarus, Covid-19 is a modern-day Chernobyl – CNN
Japan: Emergency Declared In Japanese Prefecture Hit By 2nd Wave Of Coronavirus Infections – NPR
China: Reports 169 New Coronavirus Cases — Highest In 5 Weeks – NPR
India: Race against time to save doctors – BBC
Science and Tech
In a phylogenetic network analysis of the first 160 complete genomes of SARS-CoV-2 to be sequenced from human patients, an international team of scientists found three distinct variants of SARS-CoV-2: A, B and C: the A and C types are found in significant proportions outside East Asia, that is, in Europeans and Americans; in contrast, the B type is the most common type in East Asia, and its ancestral genome appears not to have spread outside East Asia without first mutating into derived B types, pointing to founder effects or immunological or environmental resistance against this type outside Asia.
This is a chance to reinvent the way we collect and share personal data while protecting individual privacy.
Apple and Google are stepping in to make sure this is done properly is the game-changer. There was some debate beforehand as to which tracking method would win out—network pings, GPS databases or dedicated apps. But now it’s clear that the Bluetooth system adopted in Singapore and then picked up in Europe and elsewhere looks likely to dominate.
The news on Friday (April 10) that Apple and Google are partnering to simplify coronavirus contact-tracing is a big deal. Just like that, read the headlines, more than 3 billion people globally might have an effective warning system if they come into contact with newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients. Unfortunately, that’s not the case. Putting aside how many devices actually carry the right Bluetooth technology, there are two critical factors that stand in the way of this being effective.
This is what it will take to get us back outside – MIT Tech Review
At some point covid-19 will be vanquished. By early April some 50 potential vaccines and nearly 100 potential treatment drugs were in development, according to the Milken Institute, and hundreds of clinical trials were already registered with the World Health Organization. Even with all these efforts, a vaccine is expected to take at least 12 to 18 months to bring to market. A treatment may arrive sooner—one company, Regeneron, says it hopes to have an antibody drug in production by August—but making enough of it to help millions of people could take months more.
About two-thirds of severe COVID-19 coronavirus patients treated with the investigational antiviral agent remdesivir showed clinical improvement, researchers found.
One-third did not — including seven who died, out of the first 53 patients receiving remdesivir as “compassionate use” for whom data were analyzed. [Related Study NEJM]
Further research and development on a class of molecules called bisphosphonates might turbocharge a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus, and help bring immunity to huge populations more quickly.
The new test screens for antibodies to the virus in plasma, the liquid in blood, to provide information about a person’s immune response to an infection.
Supply Chain Impact
Many ethanol plants have shut down or reduced capacity, and that’s having additional impacts that may not be immediately obvious. For example, many ethanol plants produce and sell carbon dioxide as a byproduct.
Coping in Quarantine
This section of the Tulane Outbreak Daily has been wildly popular, please continue sending your contributions for all to enjoy. If you missed the video last Friday on “Quarantine Kitchen” check it out on our website. Worth the click!